Pseudomonas peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients: the Network #9 Peritonitis Study

Am J Kidney Dis. 1995 May;25(5):769-74. doi: 10.1016/0272-6386(95)90553-7.


To determine risk factors for the development of Pseudomonas peritonitis (PsP) and outcomes of PsP, the authors compared peritoneal dialysis patients who developed PsP with peritoneal dialysis patients who developed non-Pseudomonas bacterial peritonitis (non-PsP). The authors also sought to determine if there were differences in patients who had resolution of PsP compared with those patients whose PsP did not resolve. The data were derived from the prospective Tristate Renal Network Peritonitis and Catheter Survival Study. Resolution in this study was defined as clearing of peritoneal dialysate on visual inspection, with up to three courses of antibiotic therapy allowed. Catheter removal, switch to hemodialysis, or death were outcomes that were considered separately from resolution because of the study design. There were 31 cases of PsP in 28 patients and 886 cases of non-PsP identified in 667 adult patients. There were no differences in race, gender, age, or incidence of diabetes between the groups. The PsP group had a 25% incidence of previous exposure to immunosuppressive agents, whereas it was 10.6% in the non-PsP group (P = 0.028). PsP infections were more frequently associated with concomitant exit and tunnel infections, higher hospitalization rates, increased incidence of catheter loss, switch to hemodialysis, and a worse rate of resolution when compared with non-PsP (all, P < 0.05). Logistic regression could not identify patients at increased risk of PsP. PsP resolved with antibiotic therapy only in 10 of 31 episodes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Peritonitis / etiology*
  • Peritonitis / microbiology
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pseudomonas Infections / etiology*
  • Risk Factors