Reverse cholesterol transport in plasma of patients with different forms of familial HDL deficiency

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995 May;15(5):691-703. doi: 10.1161/01.atv.15.5.691.


HDLs encompass structurally heterogenous lipoproteins that fulfill specific functions in reverse cholesterol transport. Two-dimensional nondenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGGE) of normoalphalipoproteinemic plasma and subsequent immunoblotting with anti-apoA-I-antibodies differentiates pre-beta 1-LpA-I, pre-beta 2-LpA-I, pre-beta 3-LpA-I, alpha-LpA-I2, and alpha-LpA-I3. Immunodetection with anti-apoE antibodies differentiates gamma-LpE and alpha-LpE. Pulse-chase incubations of plasma with [3H]unesterified cholesterol ([3H]UC)-labeled fibroblasts and subsequent 2D-PAGGE revealed that cell-derived [3H]UC is taken up by pre-beta 1-LpA-I and gamma-LpE. From these initial acceptors, [3H]UC is transferred to LDL via pre-beta 2-LpA-I-->pre-beta 3-LpA-I-->alpha-LpA-I. Some UC is esterified in pre-beta 3-LpA-I, and some is esterified in alpha-LpA-I after its retransfer from LDL. In this study we investigated the effect of various forms of familial HDL deficiency on reverse cholesterol transport. Plasma samples of patients with various forms of HDL deficiency are characterized by the lack of specific HDL subclasses. ApoE-containing HDLs, including gamma-LpE, are present in all kinds of HDL deficiency. However, all forms of LpA-I are absent in apoA-I-deficient plasma, pre-beta 3-LpA-I and alpha-LpA-I from the plasma of patients with Tangier disease (TD), and pre-beta 3-LpA-I and large alpha-LpA-I from the plasma of patients with lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency and fish-eye disease (FED). After a 1-minute pulse with labeled fibroblasts, efflux of [3H]UC into HDL-deficient plasmas decreased, compared with normal plasma, by 49% (apoA-I deficiency), 36% (TD), 21% (LCAT deficiency), and 28% (FED). In apoA-I deficiency, only gamma-LpE takes up cell-derived [3H]UC. In the three other HDL-deficiency states, cell-derived [3H]UC is initially taken up by both pre-beta 1-LpA-I and gamma-LpE. The four HDL deficiencies are also characterized by differences in the esterification of cell-derived [3H]UC. No esterification occurs in LCAT-deficient plasma. In FED plasma, [3H]UC is esterified in LDL. In apoA-I deficiency and TD, however, [3H]UC is esterified in lipoproteins free of apoA-I and apoB. In the two latter cases, the transfer of [3H]cholesteryl ester to LDL is enhanced compared with normal plasma. The lack of specific HDL subclasses and the consequent changes in reverse cholesterol transport pathways differently affect net mass efflux of cholesterol from fibroblasts into HDL-deficient plasma.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Apolipoprotein A-I / analysis
  • Apolipoproteins E / analysis
  • Biological Transport
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Esterification
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Lipoproteins / chemistry
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / blood
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / deficiency*
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values


  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Cholesterol