Murine monoclonal antibodies, HB88A, B29A and DH59B separately identify the CD2 T lymphocyte molecule, a unique pan-B lymphocyte surface marker and a pan-granulocyte/monocyte surface molecule, respectively, in the horse. Specificity was shown by two-color immunofluorescent flow cytometry and immunofluorescent microscopy. MAb HB88A reacted with a 52 kDa pan-T lymphocyte molecule present on 75% +/- 7 of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) (n = 15 horses). It also reacted with lymphocytes restricted to T lymphocyte dependent areas of lymph node and spleen. Specificity of mAb HB88A to CD2 was demonstrated by its reactivity to COS7 cells which expressed a transfected 1.5 kb equine lymphocyte c-DNA clone having 77.5% overall sequence homology with human CD2 c-DNA. MAb B29A reacted with a pan-B lymphocyte specific cell surface complex, 143, 72, 50, 40, 27 and 14.5 kDa, present on 19% +/- 7 of PBL (n = 15 horses). This complex has not been described in the horse or other species. MAb DH59B reacted with a 96 kDa pan-granulocyte/monocyte specific surface protein and identified macrophages and Kupffer cells in equine tissue sections. Together these mAbs can be used to identify and quantitate the major constituents of equine leukocytes.