Bacteraemic infections in a neonatal intensive care unit--a nine-month survey

Med J Malaysia. 1995 Mar;50(1):59-63.


A survey was conducted to determine the rate, outcome, and culture and sensitivity patterns of bacteraemic infections in a large Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Over a nine-month period, 136 episodes of infection occurred in 132 (6.9%) out of 1926 admissions. Early onset infection accounted for 35 episodes (25.7%) and was associated with a higher mortality rate compared to late onset infection (45.7% vs 23.8%, p < 0.02). Very low birthweight (VLBW) infants had significantly higher rates of infection (19.4% vs 5.3%, p < 0.001) and mortality (45.2% vs 23.3%, p < 0.02) compared to bigger babies. Gram negative bacilli accounted for 25 early and 90 late isolates while gram positive organisms accounted for 10 early and 16 late isolates. The two main organisms (Acinetobacter and Klebsiella) showed a 69.0 to 85.3% resistance to aminoglycosides and 3rd generation cephalosporins. Ten of 13 isolates of Staphylococcus epidermidis and 3 of 4 Staphylococcus aureus were methicillin resistant. Multiply resistant infections were a major problem in this NICU and efforts to eradicate them needed to be intensified.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Infections / epidemiology*
  • Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Bacterial Infections / mortality
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*
  • Malaysia
  • Survival Analysis