Previous studies have shown that the broad-host-range plasmid pBBR1MCS can be used for genetic complementation in Brucella abortus. To extend these observations, the in vivo and in vitro stability of pBBR1MCS was evaluated in the six currently recognized species of the genus Brucella. pBBR1MCS was readily introduced into all of the strains tested by electroporation and was stably maintained in broth cultures without antibiotic selection during five serial passages over a 10-day period. Furthermore, isolates of all six Brucella strains containing pBBR1MCS obtained from the spleens of BALB/c mice 1 week postinfection maintained the plasmid. Although pBBR1MCS maintains the mobilization locus present in the parental plasmid pBBR1CM, attempts to detect transfer of pBBR1MCS between Brucella strains by conjugation were unsuccessful. These results demonstrate the in vitro and in vivo stability of pBBR1MCS in Brucella spp. and reinforce the usefulness of this cloning vector for the genetic analysis of these organisms.