Cytokines and the nervous system II: Actions and mechanisms of action

Trends Neurosci. 1995 Mar;18(3):130-6. doi: 10.1016/0166-2236(95)93890-a.


Cytokines exert diverse actions on the PNS and the CNS and have been implicated in neuronally mediated responses to disease and injury. Certain cytokines participate in the central control of host systemic responses to disease, acting as signals to and within the brain. These molecules are also involved in neuronal degeneration and repair in the PNS and CNS, and have been proposed as mediators of various neuropathologies. The actions, mechanisms of action and potential strategies for modifying cytokines in the nervous system will be considered in this review, which continues the discussion of cytokine expression and recognition published in the February issue of TINS.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / physiology*
  • Cytokines / physiology*
  • Peripheral Nervous System / physiology*


  • Cytokines