Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Aqueductal Stenosis

Childs Nerv Syst. 1995 Feb;11(2):107-11. doi: 10.1007/BF00303815.

Abstract

Cerebral aqueductal stenosis is one of the most common causes of congenital and acquired hydrocephalus, but the etiology, pathophysiology and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics of aqueductal stenosis have yet to be clarified. Utilizing cardiac gated cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, we evaluated aqueductal configuration and pulsatile motion of brain and CSF flow stimulated by cardiac pulsation in five patients with non-tumoral aqueductal stenosis. Cine MR of four cases revealed obliteration of the aqueduct by thickening mesencephalic tectum, turbulent CSF flow in the III ventricle, and absence of flow-related signal void, which in all normal cases indicates CSF movement within the aqueduct. In the remaining fifth case, with proximal dilation of the aqueduct resulting from thinning of the tectum, distortion of caudal (distal) tectum related to pulsatile motion of the brain caused funnel-like narrowing of the aqueduct, leading to incomplete obstruction and the absence of upward CSF flow during diastole.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cerebral Aqueduct / physiopathology*
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure / physiology*
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
  • Child
  • Constriction, Pathologic / diagnosis
  • Constriction, Pathologic / physiopathology
  • Equipment Failure
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnosis
  • Hydrocephalus / physiopathology*
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology