Multiple cerebral haematomata and peripheral nerve palsies associated with a case of juvenile diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabet Med. 1995 Mar;12(3):267-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.1995.tb00470.x.

Abstract

A 15-year-old girl presented de novo in diabetic ketoacidosis having been comatose for 24 h (day 1). A CT scan and lumbar puncture performed on admission were normal and her conscious level slowly improved over several days. On day 7 she had central neurological signs of bilateral knee clonus and an extensor plantar response. In addition, she had developed lower motor neurological signs of an ulnar nerve palsy of the left forearm, and ulnar, median, and radial nerve palsies of the right forearm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed on day 12, showed multiple small cerebral haematomata with appearances at least several days of age. The scattered lesions were localized particularly to the parieto-occipital region, with sparing of the basal ganglia and without cerebral oedema, a novel feature not previously described in juvenile ketoacidosis. Four months later there was minimal residual disability of her right arm. The clinical findings together with the MRI images suggested that the peripheral nerve and central lesions were temporally related, suggesting a common aetiology. However, it is likely that MRI showed cerebral lesions which may have been missed by the conventional CT scanning performed initially.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / complications*
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / therapy
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / complications*
  • Female
  • Hematoma / diagnosis*
  • Hematoma / etiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / complications