99mTc-tagged chicken liver as a marker of solid food in the human stomach

Am J Dig Dis. 1976 Apr;21(4):296-304. doi: 10.1007/BF01071842.


Past measurement of gastric emptying of solid food in man has depended on external counting of surface-absorbed isotopes without verification that isotopic labels remain attached to solid food in the stomach. In this study chicken liver was isotopically labeled with 99mTc incorporated uniformly and intracellularly throughout the liver substance. In vitro studies showed less than 10% loss of 99mTc from liver incubated with pepsin HC1. By contrast, up to 90% of 51Cr absorbed to scrambled eggs became detached under similar conditions. In feeding experiments less than 10% of 99mTc was liberated from fed 99mTc liver, while significantly more 51Cr became detached from egg under identical intragastric conditions. We conclude that 99mTc-tagged chicken liver is an adequate marker of the rate of emptying of solid food and appears to be more reliable than 51Cr-labeled scrambled eggs from which 51Cr dissociates in the stomach.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Eggs
  • Food*
  • Gastrointestinal Motility
  • Humans
  • Isotope Labeling*
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Pepsin A / pharmacology
  • Radionuclide Imaging*
  • Stomach / physiology*
  • Technetium*
  • Technology, Radiologic


  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Technetium
  • Pepsin A