Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: survival treated with very delayed surgery, spontaneous respiration, and no chest tube

J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Mar;30(3):406-9. doi: 10.1016/0022-3468(95)90042-x.


This report suggests that stabilization of the intrauterine to extrauterine transitional circulation combined with a respiratory care strategy that avoids pulmonary overdistension, takes advantage of inherent biological cardiorespiratory mechanics, and very delayed surgery for congenital diaphragmatic hernia results in improved survival and decreases the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). This retrospective review of a 10-year experience in which the respiratory care strategy, ECMO availability, and technique of surgical repair remained essentially constant describes the evolution of this method of management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chest Tubes*
  • Emergencies
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / mortality
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / surgery
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / therapy*
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Respiration, Artificial*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventilator Weaning