Production of purified alginates suitable for use in immunoisolated transplantation

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1994 Jan;40(5):638-43. doi: 10.1007/BF00173321.


Alginate is used as a matrix for immunoisolation of cells and tissues in vivo. We have demonstrated previously that commercial alginates contain various fractions of mitogenic impurities and that they can be removed by free flow electrophoresis. The use of purified material is a necessity in order to reveal the parameters that control biocompatibility of the implanted material (such as stability, size, surface charge and curvature, etc.). In this study, we present a protocol for the chemical purification of alginates on a large-scale. Beads made from alginates purified by this multi-step chemical extraction procedure did not induce a significant foreign body reaction when implanted for 3 weeks either intraperitoneally or beneath the kidney capsule of Lewis or non-diabetic BB/Gi rats.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alginates / isolation & purification*
  • Alginates / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / isolation & purification*
  • Biocompatible Materials / pharmacology
  • Biotechnology
  • Capsules
  • Drug Contamination
  • Endotoxins / isolation & purification
  • Female
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / prevention & control
  • Limulus Test
  • Mitogens / isolation & purification
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred BB
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Transplantation Immunology*


  • Alginates
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Capsules
  • Endotoxins
  • Mitogens