Purification and Characterization of Arginine Amidinohydrolase From Bacillus Brevis TT02-8

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1994 Jun;58(6):1045-9. doi: 10.1271/bbb.58.1045.


A bacterial arginase was purified to homogeneity from a strain of Bacillus brevis. The native enzyme, with an estimated MW of 143,000, migrated on SDS-PAGE as a single polypeptide of estimated MW of 33,000. The enzyme, highly specific to L-arginine, showed the maximum activity at pH 11.0 in the presence of Mn2+ ions and the pI was 4.8 by isoelectric focusing. The enzyme activity was increased significantly by the addition of Mn2+, Ni2+, or Co2+ ions, and inhibited potently by chemicals such as HgCl2, N-bromosuccinimide, or glutathione. The Kms for L-arginine and L-canavanine were 0.69 and 22.2 mM, respectively. The enzyme was inhibited competitively by gamma-guanidinobutyric acid, and non-competitively by L-lysine, L-ornithine, creatine, blasticidin S, and edeine B1. Analysis of the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified bacterial enzyme found 33-36% homologies with the Agrobacterium, yeast, rat, and human enzymes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arginase / chemistry
  • Arginase / isolation & purification*
  • Arginase / metabolism*
  • Bacillus / enzymology*
  • Cations
  • Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / isolation & purification
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thermodynamics


  • Cations
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Arginase