Transgene-mediated auxin overproduction in Arabidopsis: hypocotyl elongation phenotype and interactions with the hy6-1 hypocotyl elongation and axr1 auxin-resistant mutants

Plant Mol Biol. 1995 Mar;27(6):1071-83. doi: 10.1007/BF00020881.


Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants constitutively expressing Agrobacterium tumefaciens tryptophan monooxygenase (iaaM) were obtained and characterized. Arabidopsis plants expressing iaaM have up to 4-fold higher levels of free indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and display increased hypocotyl elongation in the light. This result clearly demonstrates that excess endogenous auxin can promote cell elongation in a whole plant. Interactions of the auxin-overproducing transgenic plants with the phytochrome-deficient hy6-1 and auxin-resistant axr1-3 mutations were also studied. The effects of auxin overproduction on hypocotyl elongation were not additive to the effects of phytochrome deficiency in the hy6-1 mutant, indicating that excess auxin does not counteract factors that limit hypocotyl elongation in hy6-1 seedlings. Auxin-overproducing seedlings are also qualitatively indistinguishable from wild-type controls in their response to red, far-red, and blue light treatments, demonstrating that the effect of excess auxin on hypocotyl elongation is independent of red and blue light-mediated effects. All phenotypic effects of iaaM-mediated auxin overproduction (i.e. increased hypocotyl elongation in the light, severe rosette leaf epinasty, and increased apical dominance) are suppressed by the auxin-resistant axr1-3 mutation. The axr1-3 mutation apparently blocks auxin signal transduction since it does not reduce auxin levels when combined with the auxin-overproducing transgene.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Growth Substances*
  • Hypocotyl / genetics
  • Hypocotyl / growth & development
  • Hypocotyl / metabolism
  • Indoleacetic Acids / biosynthesis*
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism
  • Indoleacetic Acids / physiology
  • Light
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Signal Transduction


  • AXR1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Growth Substances
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Plant Proteins
  • indoleacetic acid