The Johari Window: a strategy for teaching therapeutic confrontation

Nurse Educ. 1995 May-Jun;20(3):22-4. doi: 10.1097/00006223-199505000-00016.


Planned and purposeful confrontation can increase patient self-awareness of deleterious attitudes and behaviors affecting physical, mental, emotional, and social functioning. Teaching the application of therapeutic confrontation from the perspective of the conceptual model, The Johari Window, broadens the student's understanding of its appropriate use in a wide variety of patient care situations.

MeSH terms

  • Awareness*
  • Communication
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate / methods*
  • Humans
  • Models, Nursing
  • Nurse-Patient Relations*
  • Psychiatric Nursing / education*
  • Psychiatric Nursing / methods
  • Self Concept