Effects of magnesium on cyclic GMP hydrolysis by the bovine retinal rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase

Biochem J. 1995 Jun 1;308 ( Pt 2)(Pt 2):653-8. doi: 10.1042/bj3080653.


Knowledge of the kinetics of the rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase is essential for understanding the kinetics and gain of the light response. Therefore, the interactions between Mg2+, cyclic GMP, and purified, trypsin-activated bovine rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (EC were examined. The effects of Mg2+ and of cyclic GMP on the rod phosphodiesterase activity were mutually concentration-dependent. Formation of a free Mg-cyclic GMP complex is unlikely due to its high dissociation constant (Kd = 19 mM). Plots of 1/velocity versus 1/[cyclic GMP] as a function of [Mg2+] and 1/velocity versus 1/[Mg2+] as a function of [cyclic GMP] intersected to the left of the 1/velocity axis. This is consistent with the formation of a ternary complex between the phosphodiesterase, Mg2+, and cyclic GMP. A competitive inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase relative to cyclic GMP, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, non-competitively inhibited the enzyme relative to Mg2+, Pb2+, a competitive inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase relative to Mg2+ [D. Srivastava, R.L. Hurwitz and D. A. Fox (1995) Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol, in the press] non-competitively inhibited the enzyme relative to cyclic GMP. Collectively these results are suggestive of a rapid equilibrium random binding order of Mg2+ and cyclic GMP to the rod phosphodiesterase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cyclic GMP / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Magnesium / pharmacology*
  • Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells / enzymology*


  • 3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Magnesium