Continuous passive motion in rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 1995;3(1):18-20. doi: 10.1007/BF01553520.


In a prospective, randomized study, 34 patients (25 male, 9 female; mean age 27 +/- 8 years) with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament ruptures and arthroscopic reconstruction with patellar tendon grafts were allocated at random to either early active motion only (AM; n = 17) or active motion in combination with continuous passive motion (CPM; n = 17). Range of motion was measured with a goniometer and joint swelling with a tape measure, preoperatively and at 6 weeks postoperatively. Neither associated injuries nor the age of the patients differed in the two groups. There was no difference in the range of motion between the two groups at 6 weeks' follow-up. Joint swelling was more pronounced in the AM group both preoperatively and at 6 weeks' follow-up. In this investigation the range of motion was not improved by CPM. The difference in joint swelling between the two groups may be explained by a persistent preoperative variation in joint effusion due to an imbalanced distribution of acute and chronic cases.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Edema / pathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Joint Diseases / pathology
  • Knee Joint / pathology
  • Male
  • Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee / injuries
  • Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee / surgery
  • Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive*
  • Muscular Atrophy / pathology
  • Patellar Ligament / transplantation
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Prospective Studies
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Rupture