The origin recognition complex (ORC) binds replicators in the yeast S. cerevisiae in a manner consistent with it being an initiator protein for DNA replication. Two-dimensional (2D) gel techniques were used to examine directly initiation of chromosomal DNA replication in temperature-sensitive orc mutants. Unlike in wild-type cells, in orc2-1 and orc5-1 mutant cells, only a subset of replicators formed active origins of DNA replication at the permissive temperature. At the restrictive temperature, the number of active replicators was diminished further. Using a genetic screen, CDC6 was identified as a multicopy suppressor of orc5-1. 2D gel and biochemical analyses demonstrated that Cdc6p interacted functionally and physically with ORC. We suggest that ORC and Cdc6p form a prereplication complex at individual replicators and therefore cooperate to determine the frequency of initiation of DNA replication in the genome.