The Drosophila Schnurri Gene Acts in the Dpp/TGF Beta Signaling Pathway and Encodes a Transcription Factor Homologous to the Human MBP Family

Cell. 1995 Jun 2;81(5):781-90. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(95)90539-1.

Abstract

Decapentaplegic (dpp), a TGF beta-related ligand, plays a key role in Drosophila development. Although dpp receptors have been isolated, the downstream components of the signaling pathway remain to be identified. We have cloned the schnurri (shn) gene and show that it encodes a putative zinc finger transcription factor homologous to the human major histocompatibility complex-binding proteins 1 and 2. Mutations in shn affect multiple events that require dpp signaling as well as the transcription of dpp-responsive genes. Genetic interactions and the strikingly similar phenotypes of mutations in shn and the dpp receptors encoded by thick veins and punt suggest that shn plays a downstream role in dpp signaling.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Drosophila / embryology
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Ectoderm / physiology
  • Genes, Insect / genetics*
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Insect Hormones / metabolism
  • Mesoderm / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Proteins / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / isolation & purification
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction / genetics*
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tissue Transplantation
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
  • Zinc Fingers / genetics

Substances

  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Insect Hormones
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • dpp protein, Drosophila
  • shn protein, Drosophila
  • HIVEP2 protein, human

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U31368