GS domain mutations that constitutively activate T beta R-I, the downstream signaling component in the TGF-beta receptor complex

EMBO J. 1995 May 15;14(10):2199-208.

Abstract

The TGF-beta type II receptor (T beta R-II) is a transmembrane serine/threonine kinase that, upon ligand binding, recruits and phosphorylates a second transmembrane kinase, T beta R-I, as a requirement for signal transduction. T beta R-I is phosphorylated by T beta R-II in the GS domain, a 30 amino acid region preceding the kinase domain and conserved in type I receptors for other TGF-beta-related factors. The functional role of seven serines and threonines in the T beta R-I GS domain was investigated by mutational analysis. Five of these residues are clustered (TTSGSGSG) in the middle of the GS domain. Mutation of two or more of these residues impairs phosphorylation and signaling activity. Two additional threonines are located near the canonical start of the kinase domain, and their individual mutation to valine strongly inhibits receptor phosphorylation and signaling activity. Replacement of one of these residues, Thr204, with aspartic acid yields a product that has elevated in vitro kinase activity and signals anti-proliferative and transcriptional responses in the absence of ligand and T beta R-II. The identification of constitutively active T beta R-I forms confirms the hypothesis that this kinase acts as a down-stream signaling component in the TGF-beta receptor complex, and its activation by T beta R-II or by mutation is necessary and sufficient for propagation of anti-proliferative and transcriptional responses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activin Receptors, Type I*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Mapping
  • Phosphopeptides / analysis
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / genetics
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology

Substances

  • Phosphopeptides
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Activin Receptors, Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II