Quantitative analysis of dynamic Gd-DTPA enhancement in breast tumors using a permeability model

Magn Reson Med. 1995 Apr;33(4):564-8. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910330416.


The MRI signal enhancement in a breast tumor, measured as a function of time after a bolus injection of Gd-DTPA, may contain enough information to differentiate malignant from benign tissue. We find a physiological model for measuring capillary permeability and leakage space (P. S. Tofts, A. G. Kermode, measurement of the blood-brain barrier permeability and leakage space using dynamic MR imaging. 1. Fundamental concepts. Magn. Reson. Med. 17, 357-367 (1991)) fits the data well. The enhancement curve is particularly sensitive to the preinjection T1 of the tumor, the dose, and the time of injection. This model may provide a means of characterizing the pathophysiology of breast tumors from the Gd-DTPA enhancement curve.

MeSH terms

  • Breast / pathology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Capillary Permeability
  • Contrast Media*
  • Female
  • Gadolinium DTPA
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Organometallic Compounds*
  • Pentetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted


  • Contrast Media
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Pentetic Acid
  • Gadolinium DTPA