There is not yet an effective standard therapy for severe advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We attempted continuous local arterial infusion chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP) with an implanted reservoir for these patients, and evaluated its efficacy. Twenty-one HCC patients received continuous arterial infusion of 5-FU and CDDP for 1 week, followed by a 1-week no-infusion period; this regimen was repeated 1-32 times, and patients were observed for 36-549 days. The 1-year survival rate was 61.1%, and alpha fetoprotein levels decreased in 13 patients. All could continue as outpatients for 94.0% of the entire course of therapy. Because CDDP amplifies the effect of 5-FU as a biochemical modulator, and because continuous infusion strengthens the effect of 5-FU and reduces the side effects of CDDP, we consider this therapy to be effective for patients with severe advanced HCC, prolonging survival and improving the quality of life.