Background: Treating traumatic corneal abrasions is a common problem for the ophthalmologist. Traditional management has been the use of a pressure patch. Three different therapeutic modalities were evaluated for their efficacy in treating traumatic corneal abrasions.
Methods: Forty-seven consecutive patients with traumatic corneal abrasions were randomized prospectively in a single-masked, controlled clinical trial which compared the efficacy of (1) pressure patching, (2) a bandage contact lens, and (3) a bandage contact lens with a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (0.5% ketorolac tromethamine).
Results: There was no significant difference in the healing time of the three groups. However, psychometric analysis showed a significant decrease in pain in the group that received a bandage contact lens with a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. There was a significant difference in the ability to return to normal activities in both contact lens groups compared with the pressure-patch group. There was no significant difference among the three groups with respect to photophobia, redness, ocular irritation, headache, or tearing.
Conclusion: Use of a bandage contact lens significantly shortens the time required for a patient to return to normal activities. Moreover, addition of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to a treatment regimen significantly decreases the pain associated with traumatic corneal abrasions. Use of a bandage contact lens with a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory may prove to be an effective adjunct in treating traumatic corneal abrasions.