Comparative characterization of the iga gene encoding IgA1 protease in Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Haemophilus influenzae

Mol Microbiol. 1995 Feb;15(3):495-506. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1995.tb02263.x.


Cloning and sequencing of the IgA1 protease gene (iga) from Neisseria meningitidis strain HF13 showed an overall structure equivalent to iga genes from Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Haemophilus influenzae, although no region corresponding to the gonococcal alpha-peptide was evident. An additional 18 N. meningitidis and 3 H. influenzae iga genes were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction technique and sequenced corresponding approximately to the N-terminal half of the mature enzyme. Comparative analyses of a total of 29 iga genes showed that pathogenic Neisseria have iga genes with a significantly lower degree of heterogeneity than H. influenzae iga genes. Recombinational events indicated by mosaic-like structures corresponding to those found among N. gonorrhoeae protease genes were detected among N. meningitidis iga genes. One region showed characteristic differences in sequence and length which correlated with each of the different cleavage specificities. Meningococci were extremely conserved in this region with no evidence of recombination between isolates of different cleavage specificities. Sequences further downstream showed no obvious relationship with enzyme cleavage type. This region consisted of conserved areas interspersed with highly variable areas. Amino acid sequence homologies in the variable regions of meningococci reflected the antigenic types defined by using polyclonal neutralizing antibodies.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Haemophilus influenzae / genetics*
  • Immunoglobulin A / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae / genetics*
  • Neisseria meningitidis / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology
  • Serine Endopeptidases / genetics*
  • Species Specificity
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Serine Endopeptidases
  • IgA-specific serine endopeptidase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X82467
  • GENBANK/X82468
  • GENBANK/X82469
  • GENBANK/X82470
  • GENBANK/X82471
  • GENBANK/X82472
  • GENBANK/X82473
  • GENBANK/X82474
  • GENBANK/X82475
  • GENBANK/X82476
  • GENBANK/X82477
  • GENBANK/X82478
  • GENBANK/X82479
  • GENBANK/X82480
  • GENBANK/X82481
  • GENBANK/X82482
  • GENBANK/X82483
  • GENBANK/X82484
  • GENBANK/X82485
  • GENBANK/X82486
  • GENBANK/X82487
  • GENBANK/X82488