Osteitis pubis is a painful, noninfectious inflammatory condition that involves the pubic bone, symphysis, and surrounding structures. Initially associated with urologic procedures, osteitis pubis has been described as a complication of various obstetrical and gynecological procedures including vaginal deliveries. An incidence of approximately 2 to 3 percent has been observed after the Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz urethropexy. Although the pathogenesis of osteitis pubis is not clear, periosteal trauma seems to be an important initiating event. Pain is the primary symptom associated typically with difficulty in ambulation and the characteristic "waddling gait." A low grade fever, elevated sedimentation rate, and mild leukocytosis may be observed. Radiographic findings which include reactive sclerosis, rarefaction, and osteolytic changes lag behind the symptoms by about 4 weeks. The major differential diagnosis is osteomyelitis; however, the self-limiting nature and its response to nonantibiotic therapy indicates that osteitis pubis is a separate clinical entity. Treatment is directed at the associated inflammation with most minor cases responding to antiinflammatory agents and bedrest. Other more recalcitrant cases require more involved therapy including systemic steroids and rarely surgical resection. The diagnosis of osteitis pubis should be considered when pelvic pain is present in association with potential trauma to the symphysis pubis. Also, with more women participating in sporting activities patients may present to the physician with osteitis pubis related to athletic injury.