Recurrent hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage

Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 Feb;91(2):128-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.1995.tb00418.x.


Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage has been considered as a one-time event with rare recurrence. This observation is quite different from our experience in Taiwan. We, therefore, conducted a systematic review of our series of consecutive patients with recurrent bleeding. During a 2-year period, we encountered 47 patients with recurrent hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage from a total of 892 consecutive patients with hypertensive hemorrhage (5.3%). There were 25 men and 22 women with a mean age of 59 +/- 10 (range: 36-78) years at the onset of the first hemorrhage and 62 +/- 9 (range: 39-80) years at the second hemorrhage. The median interval between 2 hemorrhages was 2 years and 4 months (range: 1 month to 8.5 years). All except one recurrent hemorrhages occurred at a site different from the previous one. Of the 38 patients admitted to our hospital for both hemorrhages only 5 were regularly treated with antihypertensive therapy. The outcome for the recurrent bleeding was grave: 26% died and 51% became totally dependent or vegetative. Recurrent hypertensive hemorrhage is not as rare as previously thought; it comprises 5.3% of our patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. The recurrent hemorrhage, however, rarely occurs at the same location as the previous one. Uncontrolled hypertension appears to be an important risk factor for the recurrence. Control of blood pressure after the first bleeding should be attempted to prevent recurrent hemorrhage.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Taiwan
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed