Ohalo II H2: a 19,000-year-old skeleton from a water-logged site at the Sea of Galilee, Israel

Am J Phys Anthropol. 1995 Mar;96(3):215-34. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330960302.


The discovery of well-preserved human remains at the site of Ohalo II in the northern Jordan Valley substantially augments the meager fossil record of the Levantine late Upper Pleistocene. The Ohalo II H2 specimen, dated to ca. 19,000 B.P., is the most complete early Epipaleolithic hominid discovered in Israel and promises to contribute to the clarification of a number of problematic issues in the local evolution of anatomically modern humans. In addition to a description of the burial and its Kebaran context, a detailed anatomical description of the skeleton is offered and morphometric comparisons are made to other Upper Paleolithic hominids. Ohalo II H2 is shown to demonstrate affinities in the craniofacial skeleton to fossils from the early Upper Paleolithic and late Epi-Paleolithic of the Levant.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Africa, Northern
  • Animals
  • Anthropology, Physical
  • Biological Evolution
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Femur / anatomy & histology*
  • Hominidae / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Humerus / anatomy & histology*
  • Israel
  • Male
  • Mandible / anatomy & histology
  • Skull / anatomy & histology*