Successful in vitro fertilization and pregnancy in a patient with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis and cirrhosis

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. Mar-Apr 1995;10(2):233-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.1995.tb01084.x.


Fertility is reduced in women with chronic active autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and pregnancy is hazardous. This report describes a 33 year old woman with AIH and cirrhosis in whom a successful pregnancy was achieved following in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer. Disease exacerbation during pregnancy was controlled by azathioprine and an increased dose of prednisone, and a healthy child was delivered by Caesarean section at 36 weeks gestation. Since the perinatal care of preterm infants and the obstetric care available to women with complicated medical problems has improved markedly in recent years and since active disease can be controlled by adequate immunosuppressive therapy, we propose that it is justified to allow these patients access to in vitro fertilization programmes.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Autoimmune Diseases*
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro*
  • Hepatitis, Chronic / complications*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Liver Cirrhosis* / complications*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications*