Three genomic clones (Inv*Dc1, Inv*Dc2 and Inv*Dc3) were isolated by using the cDNA for carrot cell wall beta-fructofuranosidase as a probe. The expression patterns of the three genes differed markedly. High levels of Inv*Dc1 transcripts were found in leaves and roots of young carrot, whereas in plants with developing tap roots no transcripts were detected. A high level of mRNA of Inv*Dc1 was also present in suspension-cultured cells. In developing reproductive organs, only low levels of transcripts of Inv*Dc1 were found in flower buds and flowers and none at later stages of development. In contrast, Inv*Dc2 and Inv*Dc3 were not expressed in vegetative plant organs. Invb1*Dc1 was exclusively and strongly expressed in flower buds, and Inv*Dc3 at a very low level in suspension-cultured cells.