Parvovirus infection and generalized edema in adults

Intern Med. 1995 Mar;34(3):163-5. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.34.163.


We describe the clinical and laboratory findings of 7 adult patients with serological evidence of recent human parvovirus B19 (HPV) infection who presented with generalized edema. Six of the 7 patients had household contact with children with erythema infectiosum and had flu-like symptoms before visiting hospital. The interval between the flu-like episode and the development of edema ranged from 4 to 13 days (mean 7.0). In all 7 patients, there was serological confirmation of recent HPV infection, and all showed the development of edema following HPV infection without urine abnormalities or anemia. Two patients presented hypocomplementemia, and two patients showed signs of congestive heart failure. HPV may be considered a causative agent of generalized edema not only in the fetus but also in adults and HPV infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of generalized edema formation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blotting, Western
  • Edema / etiology*
  • Edema / virology
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Heart Failure / virology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parvoviridae Infections / complications*
  • Parvoviridae Infections / diagnosis
  • Parvoviridae Infections / virology
  • Parvovirus
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Serologic Tests