The hemodynamic basis for the cardiac effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein

Endocrinology. 1995 Jul;136(7):3024-30. doi: 10.1210/endo.136.7.7789328.


PTH and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) have been regarded to have positive inotropic effects on the heart as well as positive chronotropic and vasodilator effects. However, inotropy due to a direct effect of these peptides has not heretofore been distinguished from an indirect inotropic effect as a result of altered heart rate or coronary flow. The aim of this study was to determine whether PTH and PTHrP have direct inotropic effects in isolated perfused rat hearts. Three groups of hearts were studied; in all groups, hearts contracted isovolumically and were perfused with a constant coronary pressure. In the control group, heart rate, coronary flow, peak pressure (LVPmax), peak rate of rise of LV pressure (dP/dtmax), and peak intracellular calcium (measured by aequorin) all increased with PTH and PTHrP in a dose-dependent manner. When heart rate was fixed by pacing in a second group of rats, PTH and PTHrP increased coronary flow, LVPmax, and dP/dtmax significantly, indicating that inotropic actions were not mediated solely by chronotropic effects. However, when heart rate was fixed by pacing and, additionally, coronary flow was held constant (by maximal prevasodilation with nitroprusside) in a third group of rats, there was no significant effect of either PTH or PTHrP on LVPmax, dP/dtmax, or peak intracellular calcium. To demonstrate the responsiveness of this latter preparation to inotropic stimulation, the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, increased LVPmax, dP/dtmax, and peak calcium even when heart rate was fixed and vasodilation was maximal. Thus, PTH and PTHrP are inotropic agents by virtue of their influence on coronary flow and heart rate, but not by any direct effect on contractile elements in the heart.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Coronary Circulation / drug effects
  • Heart / drug effects*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Isoproterenol / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Myocardial Contraction / drug effects
  • Parathyroid Hormone / pharmacology*
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein*
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stimulation, Chemical
  • Teriparatide


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Proteins
  • Teriparatide
  • parathyroid hormone-related protein (1-34)
  • Isoproterenol