Genomic sequence comparison of the human and mouse XRCC1 DNA repair gene regions

Genomics. 1995 Jan 20;25(2):547-54. doi: 10.1016/0888-7543(95)80056-r.


The XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross complementing) gene is involved in the efficient repair of DNA single-strand breaks formed by exposure to ionizing radiation and alkylating agents. The human gene maps to chromosome 19q13.2, and the mouse homologue maps to the syntenic region on chromosome 7. Two cosmids (approximately 38 kb each) containing the human and mouse genes were sequenced to an average 8-fold clonal redundancy. The XRCC1 gene spans a genomic distance of 26 kb in mouse and 31.9 kb in human. Both genes contain 17 exons, are 84% identical within the coding regions, and are 86% identical at the amino acid sequence level. Intron and exon lengths are highly conserved. For the human cosmid, a total of 43 Alu repetitive elements are present, a density of 1.1 Alu/kb, but due to clustering, the local density is as high as 1.8 Alu/kb. In addition, we observed a statistically significant bias for insertion of these elements in the 3'-5' orientation relative to the direction of XRCC1 transcription, predominantly in the second and third introns. This bias may indicate that XRCC1 is more accessible to Alu retroposition events during transcription than genes not expressed during spermatogenesis. The density of B1 and B2 elements in the mouse is 0.4/kb, integrated primarily in the 5'-3' orientation. The human chromosome 19-specific minisatellite PE670 was present in the same orientation in 3 introns in the human gene, and a similar repeat was found at 3 different locations in the mouse cosmid.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19
  • Cosmids
  • DNA Repair / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Genes*
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics
  • Mice / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Retroelements
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Retroelements
  • X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
  • XRCC1 protein, human
  • Xrcc1 protein, mouse