Stimulation of E2F1/DP1 transcriptional activity by MDM2 oncoprotein

Nature. 1995 Jun 22;375(6533):691-4. doi: 10.1038/375691a0.


The MDM2 proto-oncogene is found amplified in a variety of tumours. The oncogenic capacity of the MDM2 protein is attributed to its ability to bind the p53 tumour-suppressor protein and mask its transcriptional activation potential. Here we show that MDM2 makes a functional contact with two cooperating transcription factors, E2F1 and DP1 (refs 4,5), which are involved in S-phase progression. MDM2 contacts the activation domain of E2F1 using residues conserved in the activation domain of p53. However, in contrast to its repression of p53 activity, MDM2 stimulates the activation capacity of E2F1/DP1. These results indicate that MDM2 not only releases a proliferative block by silencing the tumour suppressor p53, it also positively augments proliferation by stimulating the S-phase inducing transcription factors E2F1/DP1.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor
  • Genes, Retinoblastoma
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Point Mutation
  • Protein Binding
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1
  • Transcription Factor DP1
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism


  • Arid4a protein, mouse
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor
  • E2f1 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1
  • Tfdp1 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factor DP1
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Mdm2 protein, mouse
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2