Prevalence of exercise-induced asthma in schoolchildren in Kingston, St. Andrew and St. Catherine, Jamaica

West Indian Med J. 1995 Mar;44(1):16-9.

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was done, focusing on the prevalence of exercise-induced asthma in Jamaica and variables that may account for this rate. No previous study of this nature had been undertaken, and the investigators contend that there is a need to identify children who suffer from this condition but are unaware of it. A sample of 214 students from primary and secondary schools in the Corporate Area were chosen and given questionnaires to complete. Eighty-four of the children reported a history consistent with that of exercise-induced asthma and were further subjected to stress testing for a definitive diagnosis of this condition. A prevalence of 20.8% [C.I. +/- 5.35] was identified which reflected a rate comparable to that recorded in North America. There was a significantly higher prevalence in children of primary school ages, but all other variables considered for significance testing to determine associations between these and the prevalence of EIA proved not significant. A recommendation has been made for opportunity screening by medical practitioners.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asthma, Exercise-Induced / diagnosis
  • Asthma, Exercise-Induced / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jamaica / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*