The concept of a Medical Emergency Team was developed in order to rapidly identify and manage seriously ill patients at risk of cardiopulmonary arrest and other high-risk conditions. The aim of this study was to describe the utilization and outcome of Medical Emergency Team interventions over a one-year period at a teaching hospital in South Western Sydney. Data was collected prospectively using a standardized form. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation occurred in 148/522 (28%) calls. Alerting the team using the specific condition criteria occurred in 253/522 (48%) calls and on physiological/pathological abnormality criteria in 121/522 (23%) calls. Survival rate to hospital discharge following cardiopulmonary arrest was low (29%), compared with other medical emergencies (76%).