Comparative pathology of intravenously inoculated wild duck- and turkey-origin type A influenza viruses in chickens

Avian Dis. Jan-Mar 1995;39(1):74-84.


Five-week-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were inoculated intravenously with one of 16 low-pathogenicity type A influenza virus isolates; 14 were of wild duck origin, and two were of turkey origin. Tubulointerstitial nephritis was the most frequent specific histopathologic change. The frequency and severity of kidney lesions were independent of the virus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase subtype or titer of the challenge virus. Influenza nucleoprotein was most frequently demonstrated in the kidney and was consistently localized to necrotic proximal and/or distal renal tubule epithelium. Common nonspecific histopathologic changes were lymphoid hyperplasia of the spleen and cecal tonsils, as well as lymphocyte depletion in the cloacal bursa. Uncommon histopathologic changes, in decreasing order of frequency, were interstitial pneumonia, lymphoid follicular hyperplasia in the myocardium, and lymphocytic tracheitis. Histopathologic changes were rare or absent in the jejunum, duodenum, pancreas, and brain. The low-pathogenicity avian-origin type A influenza virus isolates were epitheliotropic in chickens, primarily nephrotropic. Such findings were dissimilar from findings with highly pathogenic avian-origin type A influenza virus isolates both in severity and in tissue distribution of histopathologic changes and influenza viral antigen.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Viral / analysis
  • Chickens
  • Ducks
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Influenza A virus / isolation & purification
  • Influenza A virus / pathogenicity*
  • Influenza in Birds / pathology*
  • Nephritis / pathology
  • Nephritis / virology
  • Organ Specificity
  • Species Specificity
  • Turkeys


  • Antigens, Viral