Mutation of the PAX2 gene in a family with optic nerve colobomas, renal anomalies and vesicoureteral reflux

Nat Genet. 1995 Apr;9(4):358-64. doi: 10.1038/ng0495-358.


Paired box (PAX) genes play a critical role in human development and disease. The PAX2 gene is expressed in primitive cells of the kidney, ureter, eye, ear and central nervous system. We have conducted a mutational analysis of PAX2 in a family with optic nerve colobomas, renal hypoplasia, mild proteinuria and vesicoureteral reflux. We report a single nucleotide deletion in exon five, causing a frame-shift of the PAX2 coding region in the octapeptide domain. The phenotype resulting from the PAX2 mutation in this family was very similar to abnormalities that have been reported in Krd mutant mice. These data suggest that PAX2 is required for normal kidney and eye development.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Coloboma / genetics*
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Frameshift Mutation*
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Humans
  • Kidney / abnormalities*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Optic Nerve / abnormalities*
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor
  • Pedigree
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / genetics*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor
  • PAX2 protein, human
  • Pax2 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U45245
  • GENBANK/U45246
  • GENBANK/U45247
  • GENBANK/U45248
  • GENBANK/U45249
  • GENBANK/U45250
  • GENBANK/U45251
  • GENBANK/U45252
  • GENBANK/U45253
  • GENBANK/U45254
  • GENBANK/U45255