Expression of insulin receptor on clonal pancreatic alpha cells and its possible role for insulin-stimulated negative regulation of glucagon secretion

Diabetologia. 1995 Apr;38(4):422-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00410279.


In pancreatic alpha cells, the existence and function of the insulin receptor has not yet been fully established. In this study, to confirm the expression of functional insulin receptors in pancreatic alpha cells, we performed: 1) insulin receptor binding assay, 2) Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) amplification of insulin receptor mRNA, 3) immunocytochemical staining, 4) biosynthetic labelling of insulin receptor protein using [35S]methionine, 5) analysis of insulin-stimulated autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor in glucagon secreting cell lines, In-R1-G9 and alpha TC clone 6 cells. Glucagon secretion decreased with the addition of insulin in both cells. The receptor binding studies using [125I-Tyr-A14] insulin revealed that both cells possessed a significant number of insulin receptors (In-R1-G9:K1 = 2.1 x 10(9) mol/l-1, K2 = 6.2 x 10(7) mol/l-1, R1 = 0.27 x 10(4), R2 = 1.86 x 10(4) sites/cell; alpha TC clone 6: K1 = 2.1 x 10(9) mol/l-1, K2 = 7.3 x 10(7) mol/l-1, R1 = 0.27 x 10(4), R2 = 1.95 x 10(4) sites/cell). Northern blot analysis as well as RT-PCR amplification showed the mRNA specific for insulin receptor in both cells. By immunocytochemical staining using anti-insulin receptor alpha-subunit antibody, positive immunostaining for insulin receptor was observed in both cells. [35S]Methionine labelling of both cells followed by immunoprecipitation using anti-insulin receptor antibody showed the correct size of the insulin receptor protein. The insulin receptor expressed in these cells underwent autophosphorylation by insulin stimulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Clone Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Primers
  • Gene Expression*
  • Glucagon / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Insulinoma
  • Kinetics
  • Methionine / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Receptor, Insulin / analysis
  • Receptor, Insulin / biosynthesis*
  • Receptor, Insulin / metabolism
  • Sulfur Radioisotopes
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA Primers
  • Insulin
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Sulfur Radioisotopes
  • Glucagon
  • Methionine
  • Receptor, Insulin