A conserved domain and membrane targeting of Nef from HIV and SIV are required for association with a cellular serine kinase activity

J Biol Chem. 1995 Jun 23;270(25):15307-14. doi: 10.1074/jbc.270.25.15307.


Among the primate lentiviruses (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), the nef gene is highly conserved and encodes a myristylated protein of approximately 27 kDa (HIV-1) or approximately 34 kDa (HIV-2, SIV). Previously, we found Nef expressed either as a CD8-Nef fusion protein or as a native protein in virally infected T cell lines associates with a cellular serine kinase. This kinase activity phosphorylated two proteins of 62 and 72 kDa that coimmunoprecipitate with Nef in in vitro kinase assays. Using transient expression, various Nef alleles and mutants have been analyzed for association with the cellular kinase activity. The ability of Nef to associate with the kinase activity is conserved among several alleles of HIV-1 as well as SIVmac239 and is observed in non-lymphoid cell lines of simian and murine origins. Two separate regions of HIV-1SF2 Nef are critical for the associated kinase activity. One domain overlaps with a central highly conserved region found in all primate lentivirus nef genes and has been provisionally mapped to amino acids 45-127. Because membrane localization of Nef is important for the associated cellular kinase activity, the second domain represents a membrane targeting signal. Moreover, point mutations within the central region that abrogate the Nef-associated kinase activity in HIV-1SF2 Nef have the same effect when introduced into SIVmac239open Nef.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Gene Products, nef / chemistry
  • Gene Products, nef / genetics*
  • Gene Products, nef / metabolism*
  • Genes, nef
  • HIV-1 / genetics
  • HIV-1 / metabolism*
  • HIV-2 / genetics
  • HIV-2 / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Kidney
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Primates
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Simian Immunodeficiency Virus / genetics
  • Simian Immunodeficiency Virus / metabolism*
  • Transfection
  • nef Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • p21-Activated Kinases


  • Gene Products, nef
  • nef Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • p21-Activated Kinases