Incidence of aneurysm formation after Dacron patch aortoplasty repair for coarctation of the aorta: long-term results and assessment utilizing magnetic resonance angiography with three-dimensional surface rendering

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Jul;26(1):266-71. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(95)00127-l.

Abstract

Objectives: Magnetic resonance angiography with three-dimensional surface rendering was performed to determine its value in assessing anatomic detail in patients with suspected aortic aneurysms.

Background: Dacron patch aortoplasty repair of coarctation of the aorta carries an inherent risk of aneurysm development. Sudden death from aortic rupture prompted discontinuing this operation and evaluating 39 patients (16 girls; mean age 6.3 years, range 10 days to 14.5 years) undergoing repair between January 1976 and October 1987. The aorta ruptured in 10 patients; 6 died at a mean interval of 8.1 years (range 0.75 to 12.4) after repair. All 33 survivors were interviewed and examined.

Methods: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 26 patients, magnetic resonance angiography in 18. Angiographic slices were used to reconstruct three-dimensional images. No catheterization or contrast angiography was performed. Surgical intervention was based on clinical findings and magnetic resonance images.

Results: Twenty patients (11 girls) developed aneurysms, of which nine were detected in patients studied by magnetic resonance. Ruptures occurred in eight female patients, three of whom were pregnant. Surface renderings accurately defined aortic anatomy or aneurysms in all patients. On follow-up, no aneurysms have been detected in patients with negative magnetic resonance study results. Precise anatomic correlation with operative findings was reported.

Conclusions: Magnetic resonance angiography with three-dimensional surface rendering provides noninvasive, radiation-free and contrast agent-free high resolution images of the thoracic aorta. These images can be reviewed and have three-dimensional form and perspective. These techniques were preferred over invasive angiography by surgeons and clinicians as definitive, risk-free procedures before surgical intervention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aorta / surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnosis
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / epidemiology
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / etiology*
  • Aortic Coarctation / surgery*
  • Aortic Rupture / diagnosis
  • Aortic Rupture / etiology
  • Aortic Rupture / mortality
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography* / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Polyethylene Terephthalates
  • Postoperative Complications* / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications* / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications* / mortality
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / etiology
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Survival Rate

Substances

  • Polyethylene Terephthalates