Frequency of UL97 phosphotransferase mutations related to ganciclovir resistance in clinical cytomegalovirus isolates

J Infect Dis. 1995 Jul;172(1):239-42. doi: 10.1093/infdis/172.1.239.

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) isolates from subjects who received ganciclovir therapy were tested for susceptibility to ganciclovir by a plaque reduction assay. Results were correlated with restriction enzyme and sequence analysis of the CMV UL97 phosphotransferase gene. Of the 30 isolates, 20 had one or more mutations in UL97 affecting amino acid encoding at codons 460, 520, or 591-596. All 20 were resistant to ganciclovir, with an IC50 of > 6.0 microM (range, 6.7-50.0). The remaining 10 isolates had no mutations at these loci; 8 were susceptible to ganciclovir while the other 2 were borderline resistant (IC50s, 6.6 and 7.2 microM). None of 40 control CMV isolates from untreated subjects contained any amino acid changes at these loci. The three most common mutations at codons 460, 594, and 595 were detected by restriction digest analysis in 16 (80%) of 20 isolates and in 16 (73%) of 22 isolates with ganciclovir IC50s > 6.0 microM. These results indicate that the majority of ganciclovir-resistant clinical isolates contain diagnostically useful mutations in UL97.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Codon / genetics
  • Cytomegalovirus / drug effects*
  • Cytomegalovirus / genetics*
  • Cytomegalovirus / isolation & purification
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / drug therapy*
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / virology
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Viral / analysis
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial*
  • Fibroblasts
  • Ganciclovir / pharmacology*
  • Ganciclovir / therapeutic use*
  • Genes, Viral*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics*
  • Phosphotransferases / genetics
  • Point Mutation*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Skin

Substances

  • Codon
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Viral
  • Phosphotransferases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • ganciclovir kinase
  • Ganciclovir