Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistocytosis. Report of two cases and clinicopathologic review

Cancer. 1976 Jul;38(1):209-18. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142(197607)38:1<209::aid-cncr2820380132>3.0.co;2-w.

Abstract

An unusual syndrome of hepatosplenomegaly and fever followed by rapid deterioration and death has been described in 38 children from 21 families. Pancytopenia, liver dysfunction, and bleeding developed prior to death from hemorrhage, sepsis, or lymphocytic meningitis. This report reviews the literature and adds a set of twins to the reported cases.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibody Formation
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Fever
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Liver / pathology
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Lymphatic Diseases / blood
  • Lymphatic Diseases / diagnosis
  • Lymphatic Diseases / genetics*
  • Lymphatic Diseases / pathology
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Spleen / pathology