Arteriovenous malformation draining vein physiology and determinants of transnidal pressure gradients. The Columbia University AVM Study Project

Neurosurgery. 1994 Sep;35(3):389-95; discussion 395-6. doi: 10.1227/00006123-199409000-00005.


Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) draining vein pressure (DVP) may have an influence on both the natural history of the disease and treatment outcome. The purposes of this study were to assess the relationship between DVP and other clinical and physiological variables and to characterize the transmission of arterial pressure across the AVM nidus. DVP measurements were carried out during elective AVM resection with isoflurane/nitrous oxide anesthesia with arterial carbon dioxide pressure of approximately 30 mm Hg. The gradient between the right atrium and operative measurement site was noted. Pre-excision feeding mean arterial pressure and DVP were measured with a 26-gauge needle simultaneously with systemic mean arterial pressure and central venous pressure (CVP). DVP was tested with systemic mean arterial pressure increased to approximately 20 mm Hg with phenylephrine or CVP increased with a Valsalva maneuver. Finally, preresection and postresection DVP values were compared. Relative to the site of measurement, DVP was 7 +/- 5 mm Hg at a CVP of -4 +/- 5 mm Hg (n = 45). There was no influence of presentation, presence of deep venous drainage, size, location, or prior embolization on DVP. In 19 patients, DVP decreased (8 +/- 4 to 5 +/- 3; P < 0.05) whereas CVP increased from pre- to postresection (-4 +/- 5 to -2 +/- 5; P < 0.05). For the phenylephrine challenge (n = 11), there was no difference (P = 0.84) between the delta DVP (2 +/- 1 mm Hg) and the delta CVP (2 +/- 3 mm Hg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / physiopathology*
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / surgery
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Monitors
  • Cerebral Arteries / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Arteries / surgery
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Veins / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Veins / surgery
  • Humans
  • Microsurgery
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Posture / physiology
  • Rupture, Spontaneous
  • Venous Pressure / physiology*