Familial lipoprotein disorders and premature coronary artery disease

Atherosclerosis. 1994 Aug:108 Suppl:S41-54. doi: 10.1016/0021-9150(94)90152-x.


Significant risk factors for premature coronary heart disease include: (1) family history, (2) elevated low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level > or = 160 mg/dl, l, (3) decreased high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level < 35 mg/dl, l, (4) cigarette smoking, (5) high blood pressure and (6) diabetes mellitus. All of these risk factors are common in patients with premature heart disease. Common familial lipid disorders associated with premature heart disease include familial lipoprotein(a) excess, familial dyslipidemia (elevated triglycerides and decreased HDL cholesterol), familial combined hyperlipidemia (elevations of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and often decreased HDL cholesterol), familial hypoapobetalipoproteinemia (elevated apolipoprotein B levels), familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia (low HDL cholesterol levels), and familial hypercholesterolemia (elevated LDL cholesterol levels). All these disorders have been characterized using age and gender specific 90th and 10th percentile values from the normal population. The diagnosis and potential management of these disorders is reviewed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Coronary Disease / blood
  • Coronary Disease / etiology*
  • Coronary Disease / genetics
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / blood
  • Hyperlipidemias / complications
  • Hyperlipidemias / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking


  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL