Tubulin genes in the algal protist Euglena gracilis

J Eukaryot Microbiol. Sep-Oct 1994;41(5):468-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1994.tb06044.x.

Abstract

Alpha- and beta-tubulin cDNA were selected from a Euglena lambda gt11 expression library, recloned and either sequenced (alpha-tubulin cDNA) or hybridized to Euglena RNA and DNA (alpha- and beta-tubulin cDNA). RNA for hybridization was extracted at 30 minute intervals after flagellar amputation and quantitated for cDNA binding. Unlike previous reports on most other flagellates, no net increase in either alpha- or beta-tubulin RNA could be detected during regeneration--suggesting steady state or constitutive tubulin RNA synthesis. Incubation of the cDNA with genomic DNA after restriction digestion produced patterns of hybridization consistent with the presence of one to two kinds each of the alpha- and beta-tubulin genes. The deduced amino acid sequence of the alpha-tubulin cDNA was more than 90% identical to the alpha-tubulins of Trypanosoma, Chlamydomonas, Naegleria, Tetrahymena and higher plants. The carboxy terminus of the alpha-tubulin cDNA and the previously sequenced beta-tubulin of Euglena showed greatest identity to the carboxy terminus of the tubulins from Trypanosoma brucei. The sequence data for alpha- and beta-tubulins of Euglena provides direct evidence for the similarity of two gene products from euglenas and trypanosomes and adds support to earlier suggestions that these organisms are phylogenetically related.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA, Protozoan / genetics
  • Euglena gracilis / genetics*
  • Euglena gracilis / physiology
  • Flagella / physiology
  • Genes, Protozoan*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Protozoan / genetics
  • RNA, Protozoan / metabolism
  • Regeneration / genetics
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tubulin / genetics*

Substances

  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Protozoan
  • Tubulin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z22877