Reducing inner-city women's AIDS risk activities: a study of single, pregnant women

Health Psychol. 1994 Sep;13(5):397-403. doi: 10.1037//0278-6133.13.5.397.


Behavioral change reduces risk of HIV infection and development of AIDS. We compared 206 inner-city women who were randomly assigned to a 4-session AIDS-prevention group or to one of two controls, a health-promotion group or a no-intervention group. AIDS-prevention and health-promotion groups provided information, behavioral competency training, and social support. Only the AIDS-prevention group focused on AIDS-specific knowledge and skills. The AIDS-prevention group produced moderate, consistent increases in knowledge and safer sex behaviors in comparison with either the health-promotion or no-intervention group. Self-report and objective changes were sustained 6 months after intervention for both African-American and European-American women.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / psychology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / transmission
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Behavior Therapy*
  • Condoms
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / prevention & control*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / psychology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Education
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Single Parent / psychology*
  • Spermatocidal Agents
  • Urban Population*


  • Spermatocidal Agents