Cognitive Deficits in Ischemic Strokes: Psychometric, Electrophysiological and Cranial Tomographic Assessment

J Neurol Sci. 1994 Sep;125(2):168-74. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(94)90030-2.


Global and specific cognitive functions were assessed in 57 patients with ischemic strokes subjected to clinical neuropsychiatric, psychometric, electrophysiological and cranial tomographic evaluation. Patients did significantly worse than normal controls in the Blessed dementia scale, Sandoz clinical assessment geriatric scale but not the Folstein mini-mental state examination. Of the specific cognitive functions, attention and psychomotor performance were significantly impaired in stroke patients when compared to normal controls. The impairment in global cognitive functions, attention and psychomotor performance was more evident in chronic than acute cases. Increasing age correlated positively to the deterioration in psychomotor performance and perception. Cranial tomographic size of infarction was significantly related to global cognitive as well as intentional (sensory) memory impairment. The more marked the conventional electroencephalographic abnormalities, the more impaired were the global cognitive functions. High limit of the theta percent power correlated positively to deterioration in psychomotor performance. All P300 parameters except amplitude correlated significantly with impairment of global cognitive function and psychomotor performance in stroke patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Ischemia / epidemiology
  • Brain Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Brain Ischemia / psychology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / diagnostic imaging
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / physiopathology
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / psychology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed