The creatine kinase system in smooth muscle

Mol Cell Biochem. 1994 Apr-May:133-134:221-32. doi: 10.1007/BF01267956.


Despite the energetic flux being much lower in smooth muscle compared to striated muscles (such as the heart and skeletal muscle) creatine kinase (CK) has been found present and active in all smooth muscles studied to date. A complete CK circuit has been identified, with CK found in the mitochondria, contractile elements, membrane pumps and the cytoplasm. CK isoenzymes are coupled to many cellular energetic processes and appears to be involved in energy production and consumption by acting as an energy transducer. The CK system responds to pathological insults and development (e.g., hypertrophy and gestation respectively) by changes in sub-cellular distribution localization, isoenzymes, and specific activity. The conclusion from these observations is that creatine kinase is intimately involved in the energetic system of smooth muscle.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Creatine Kinase / metabolism*
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology
  • Muscle, Smooth / enzymology*
  • Muscle, Smooth / pathology
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / enzymology
  • Pregnancy
  • Uterus / enzymology


  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Creatine Kinase