Ball color, eye color, and a reactive motor skill

Percept Mot Skills. 1994 Aug;79(1 Pt 2):671-4. doi: 10.2466/pms.1994.79.1.671.

Abstract

Researchers investigating performance differences between light- and dark-eyed individuals have indicated that dark-eyed individuals perform better on reactive activities than light-eyed individuals. College students (61 men, 64 women) performed a forehand rally with different colored racquetballs. Eye color, sex, and total hits were recorded for each subject. Men scored significantly better with balls of each color than did women. Dark-eyed men performed better than other subjects and performance was better with blue balls than yellow or green balls.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention*
  • Color Perception*
  • Eye Color*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychomotor Performance*
  • Racquet Sports / psychology*
  • Reaction Time
  • Sex Factors