Primary health care in Zimbabwe: can it survive? An exploration of the political and historical developments affecting the implementation of PHC

Soc Sci Med. 1994 Oct;39(8):1027-35. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(94)90374-3.


Using a multi-level perspective, this paper examines the structural constraints and conflicting perspectives affecting the implementation of Primary Health Care (PHC) in Zimbabwe. The analysis of these factors and processes is made by viewing the situation from the different perspectives, perceptions and actions of the state, the health workers and the population. It is argued that the continuing structural inequalities, the bureaucratic and centralization tendencies, the historical development and colonial transplantation of biomedical practice, and the de facto lack of support by government, constrain the implementation of PHC.

MeSH terms

  • Community Health Workers
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Government
  • Humans
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Zimbabwe