Occupation and stomach cancer in a cohort of Swedish men

Am J Ind Med. 1994 Oct;26(4):511-20. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700260408.


Using the Cancer-Environment Registry of Sweden, which links the 1960 census information on employment with cancer incidence data from 1961-1979, we conducted a systematic, population-based assessment of stomach cancer incidence by industry and occupation for men in Sweden. Nearly 17,000 stomach cancer cases were diagnosed during the 19 years of follow-up. Stomach cancer incidence was elevated among miners and quarrymen, farmers and fishermen, and craftsmen and production workers. Men who held white collar jobs, including professional and technical, administrative and management, clerical, and sales jobs, had a reduction in stomach cancer incidence. Examination of specific jobs revealed generally elevated rates of stomach cancer among men who may be exposed to dusty work environments, such as quarry workers, stone cutters, circular and plane operators, construction workers, crane operators, heavy laborers, and shop and construction metal workers. These occupational associations mostly were observed for stomach cancers of noncardia origin, and no significant associations were found with cardia cancers. We had no information on dietary or other potential confounding factors and cannot make inferences about the role of occupation per se, but the current findings support those of earlier investigations and add to the evidence of a small but significant occupational role in stomach carcinogenesis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Dust / adverse effects
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupations*
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Workplace


  • Dust